Dating chinese international students
The number of new immigrants arriving in the United States from China dwindled from 123,000 in the 1870s to 14,800 in the 1890s, and then to a historically low number of 5,000 in the 1930s.
Legal exclusion, augmented by extralegal persecution and anti-Chinese violence, effectively drove the Chinese out of the mines, farms, woolen mills, and factories on the West Coast.
But few realized their gold dreams; many found themselves instead easy targets of discrimination and exclusion.
In the 1870s, white workers' frustration with economic distress, labor market uncertainty, and capitalist exploitation turned into anti-Chinese sentiment and racist attacks against the Chinese called them the "yellow peril." In 1882, the U. Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, and later extended to exclude all Asian immigrants until World War II.
Others, who could not afford or were too ashamed to return home, gravitated toward San Francisco's Chinatown for self-protection.
Professional occupations were also more common among Chinese Americans than among non- Hispanic whites (36 percent vs. The annual median family income for Chinese Americans was ,000 in 1989, compared to ,000 for the national median family.
Chinese Americans continue to concentrate in the West and in urban areas.
They have endured a long history of migration and settlement that dates back to the late 1840s, including some 60 years of legal exclusion.
In the mid-l9th century, most Chinese immigrants arrived in Hawaii and the U. mainland as contract labor, working at first in the plantation economy in Hawaii and in the mining industry on the West Coast and later on the transcontinental railroads west of the Rocky Mountains.